What is Psychiatry?
Pediatric psychiatry can help children diagnosing and treating behavioral and thought disorders. A child psychiatrist will assess a child in many different aspects, for example, biological and psychological factors, in order to devise a treatment plan for a child with behavior and thought disorders. This plan may include medication to help controlling or diminishing certain behaviors or thoughts. For example, children with autism may have other mood or thought disorders that exist in addition to autism. Disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), may occur in children with autism; however, behaviors associated with this disorder can be managed with medication and psychiatric intervention.
What is Psychology?
Pediatric psychology can help children to overcome mental, emotional, educational or behavioral difficulties. For example, a pediatric psychologist might engage in therapy with a child that is struggling with the pass away of his family member or an adolescent is struggling with puberty issue, anxiety, depression and many other areas. Every child is unique and therefore therapy is flexible and even tailor made to meet the specific needs of each individual child. Psychologists work as a team with parents, caregivers and teachers, in order to understand the needs and situation of children so as to let people in different positions to cooperate.
The psychology team also carry out a large range of assessments including education assessments to diagnose specific learning disorders such as dyslexia, dyscalculia and dysgraphia. Additionally they assess and can diagnose autism, ADHD and other attention, behavior, emotional regulation and adaptive behavior disorders.
Our centre also provide exclusive service, Individual Educational Strategies which is a tailored made educational planning according to the result of the assessment to find out the strength and actual needs of your child. Based on that, our psychologist will construct an individual plan with educational strategies for your child in order to improve their academic performance.
What is Physiotherapy?
Our physiotherapists evaluate and provide treatment for babies to adolescents who have difficulties with motor skills. If your child is experiencing any developmental delay, a neurological condition, chronic illness or an injury, it is important to seek physiotherapist for help. Professional physiotherapists are specialized to therapy for, and assessment of children with sensory processing disorders.
Our physiotherapy team offer support for parents of premature and full term babies where there are concerns with development. Additionally, they work with children to develop strength and range of motion so that they can move around the environment easily. Physical therapy goals often include help with developmental milestones like sitting, standing, crawling, transfers and walking. We also observe young children and adolescents if their development are falling behind than their peers through age-related activities in school or extra-curricular activities, for instance their posture, core strength, co-ordination and endurance.
What is Speech and Language Therapy?
Speech and language therapists focus on developing children’s overall communication abilities by different forms of assessment. According the results of assessments and your children’s need, speech therapists will establish a comprehensive planning and treatment.
Speech therapists aim to develop your child's skills in the following areas: pre-verbal communication, which is the fundamental of language learning, it includes eye contact, attention and round way communication. Also, expressive language, which refers to putting thoughts into words and sentences in a way that makes sense and meaningful as well as accurate grammar. These aspects of language are all essential to facilitate the achievement in the classroom.
Moreover, speech therapists can help developing social skills for younger children to teens. For younger children, the ability to take turns, have eye-contact, play and talk with friends, and problem solve collaboratively are the key of communication ability. For older children and teens, taking another person's perspective to maintain conversations, resolving conflicts, reading between the lines and interaction nuances and coping with peer pressure are all crucial areas covered by speech therapists
Besides the standard treatment, Shining provide family training to parents or caregiver between treatments. Our centre has a special design of the therapy room: One-way mirror design, it allow the demonstration of how therapist communicate and train your child without distracting or disturbing them. After that, you will also get to practice and by the end our therapists will provide feedbacks to let parents to acquire the skills of how to train and communicate with your children at home.
What is Occupational Therapy?
A pediatric occupational therapist works with children and their families to help them build up the skills necessary to become functional and independent adults. As a child your primary occupation is to play, learn and develop.
An occupational therapist assesses all aspects of your child's daily life. This includes self-care, school based skills, and hand skills, in addition to less obvious tasks like being able to interpret the information you get from touch, the ability to sense the position, location and orientation of the body, and coordinating what you see with an appropriate motor response.
Occupational therapy focuses on maximizing the ability of the child to enhance their potential to participate at home, in social settings and in pre-school/ school environments. The expectations for the level of development of any of these skills will vary depending on the child's age. Occupation therapy facilitates the development of skills for the job of living. These skills include: 1. Hand function skills 2. Play skills
3. Self-cares skills 4. School-based skills 6.Pre-writing and writing skills
What is Sensory Integration?
Sensory integration or sensory processing is a term used to describe the brain's ability to prioritize and interpret information from the seven senses and to make an effective plan of action (a motor plan) based on that information.
Besides the five senses, of touch, smell, taste, sight and hearing, we have a proprioceptive system, which provides us with information about our body position and the vestibular system, which gives information about where our body is in relation to gravity and processes movement. These sensory systems must work together to accomplish complex tasks in daily life.
In the early stages of development, the child mainly senses things and then moves their body in relation to these senses; these are the years of developing sensory-motor processes. As the child grows, the brain's development of cognitive and social functions is based on an appropriate foundation of sensory motor processing. When the brain has difficulty integrating sensory messages, inefficient motor development, language, learning and behavior problems may become evident to the family and professionals. Difficulties with sensory integration can make a child appear clumsy, awkward and easily tired, as well as hyperactive with difficulty concentrating. Other signs may be toe walking, difficulty sitting in a chair or standing still, falling over or even big dramatic reactions to touch. In addition some of these children may have learning difficulties and speech and language deficits. Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) is a neurological disorder that results from the brain's inability to integrate the information received from our body and environment.
Occupational therapists, who are qualified to provide sensory-integration therapy, design and incorporate activities rich in vestibular, proprioceptive and tactile stimulation. The therapy is very child-directed, creative and joyful. Each adaptive response from the child, as they receive input into their sensory systems, encourages maturation and organization of the nervous system. Therefore they become more focused, alert and skillful in their daily activities.
What is Expressive Arts Therapy?
Expressive Arts Therapy (ExAT) is an integrative psychotherapeutic approach, it combines linguistic and non-verbal psychopathy. It incorporates different art modalities and creative processes, for example, visual arts, music, dance, drama and creative writing to express emotions and enhance self-awareness in order to foster personal growth and well-being.
No matter children or adults, even though one may not be artistically skilled, they can still choose the form they want and prefer to express themselves in an art form. ExAT can improve mood and behavioral problems, they can be used as one of the following behavioral strategies for emotional, mental or mental health, such as: Attenton-deficit and hyperactivity, developmental disorders, depression, difficulties in emotional expression, anxiety, stress management, etc. For example, children with autism can express themselves artistically in a natural and comfortable environment through ExAT to release their emotions and learn to build relationships from the creative process. Also, a child with ADHD can learn how to manage emotions and behaviors from the laws and structures of art. For instance, they can follow the beat of music to manage or slow down their pace.
Expressive art therapist will provide treatment in different ways according to the child's situation and needs, they integrate different art medium and make good use of internal resources to promote self-understanding, enhance self-awareness, creativity and self-healing ability.